Rugs are one of the oldest and most important forms of decorative art in the world. With their timeless beauty and functionality, they have been a staple in every culture across the globe. And one of the most exquisite and sought-after types of rugs is the Heriz rug. These Persian rugs have captured the hearts of people worldwide because of their bold, geometric designs, and durability. But few people know the history and origins of these beautiful rugs. In this blog post, we will explore the fascinating story behind the Heriz rugs.
The Heriz rug is a type of Persian rug that is produced in the village of Heris in north-western Iran. These rugs are characterized by their bold, geometric designs, large medallions, and vibrant colours. But what makes them unique is their high level of durability, which comes from the use of high-quality wool and a thick pile.
The production of Heriz rugs can be traced back to the late 19th century, although the roots of the style go back much further. The village of Heris has been home to carpet weaving for centuries, and the techniques have been passed down from one generation to the next. Iranian artisans have been handcrafting these rugs for over 200 years, and they remain highly valued in the global market today.
One of the most interesting aspects of Heriz rugs is that they tell a story of cultural exchange. Heriz rugs have been influenced by the designs and techniques of neighbouring tribes, including the Turks, Armenians, and Kurds. The geometric motifs of Heriz rugs reflect this mixed heritage, with bold, angular designs that are unlike any other Persian rug.
THE HERIZ REGION
Heriz is in the Azerbaijan region, which is known for its harsh climate. As a result, the wool used in these rugs is of extremely high quality. The wool is shorn from the sheep each spring, then washed, combed, and spun by hand. It is then dyed using natural vegetable dyes, which produce the rich, vibrant colours that define these rugs.
In recent years, Heriz rugs have become increasingly popular, with collectors and interior designers alike seeking them out for their unique beauty and durability. But despite their rise in popularity, these rugs remain true to their roots. The village of Heris continues to produce these exquisite rugs using the same traditional techniques that have been used for centuries.
KNOTS USED IN HERIZ RUGS
The knots used to create Heriz rugs are one-of-a-kind compared to other types of knots found in traditional Persian carpets. They have a distinctive style that sets them apart from other rug-making techniques. The knots used in these rugs create an intense level of detail and texture that adds a unique dimension to the finished product.
The weavers who craft these rugs use wool as their primary material when tying these intricate knots, which provides a soft yet sturdy foundation for the carpet. The wool is first dyed in a variety of colours and then expertly woven into patterns using various knotting techniques.
Each type of knot used to make these rugs has its own distinct pattern and aesthetic. Some of the most common knots used include the Turkish double knot, the Persian single knot, and the Kufic knotted loop. All these knots provide a unique way to create beautiful designs that are sure to stand out in any setting.
In conclusion, the Heriz rug is a type of Persian rug that has captured the hearts of people worldwide. Known for their bold, geometric designs and high level of durability, these rugs tell a story of cultural exchange, reflecting the influences of neighbouring tribes. These rugs remain highly valued in the global market today because of their beauty and functionality. And although they have risen in popularity, the village of Heris continues to produce these rugs using the same traditional techniques that have been used for centuries. Owning a Heriz rug is not only a statement of style but a piece of history and culture.
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