Rug makers from Pakistan are known to be amongst the best in the world. Pakistan is a country renowned for its fine handmade rugs. Handmade Pakistani rugs have an impressive history stretching back hundreds of years. Their unique designs and construction techniques make them stand out from other types of carpets and rugs around the world.

There are a variety of different types of handmade Pakistani rugs, from tribal textiles to classic Persian designs. Each type has its own distinct style and is made using specific weaving techniques. Common types of Pakistani rugs include Balouchi, Bokhara, Chobi, Khotan, Peshawar, Qom and more (some of which originate from other countries and whose influence has been used in Pakistan). Let’s investigate the history of these rugs:

The Balouchi rug is an ancient art form that has been passed down from generation to generation by rug makers in the Balouch culture for centuries. The intricate designs and vivid colours of these rugs have made them highly sought after by collectors and decorators alike. Each rug is a unique piece of art, with no two alike. Originally used as floor coverings, the Balouchi rugs are now often hung on walls or included in home decor to bring a touch of traditional beauty to any space.

The intricate patterns and stunning colours that make Balouchi rugs so special have been carefully crafted over the centuries, resulting in a distinct style that has become iconic in the region. The rug weaving tradition is still practiced by many artisans in the area today, with each rug taking up to several months to complete. This attention to detail ensures that each rug is a unique piece of art that can be treasured for generations.

Though Balouchi rugs are now widely celebrated around the world, their long and storied history dates back centuries. The earliest known examples of these beautiful pieces were created by rug makers in the 16th century and have since become a symbol of cultural pride for the Balouch people. As well as being popular with interior designers, these rugs are also used to commemorate special occasions such as weddings or other important life events.

Today, Balouchi rugs can be found in homes across the globe, bringing a sense of traditional beauty and heritage into any space.


Although it may not have the same level of name recognition as other rug types such as Persian or Oriental, the Bokhara rug is a timeless classic that has been around for centuries. Dating back to the 17th century, this type of oriental rug was originally created by rug makers in nomadic Turkmen tribes in Central Asia.

The Bokhara rugs were first produced in the city of Bukhara, Uzbekistan from which it gets its name. It is believed that these tribes acquired their weaving skills from Chinese merchants and developed them over time to create elaborate geometric patterns with fine details. The distinctive patterns feature intricate floral designs as well as a repeating diamond-shaped motif known as the “gul”.

The popularity of Bokhara rugs has grown over the years, with many carpet collectors and connoisseurs appreciating their beauty. Crafted with wool and natural dyes, these rugs stand out from other types due to their unique colour palette which can range from bright pop colours to subtle earth tones. Most often, Bokhara rugs are used as an accent piece in a room adding texture and colour to any space.

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Chobi rugs are one of the most unique and beautiful rug styles available on the market. From their traditional Afghani designs to their signature pastel colours, these rugs have become a classic in interior design. The history of Chobi rugs dates to pre-19th century Afghanistan when they were made from natural fibres such as wool, cotton and bamboo. As these rugs became increasingly popular in the West, they were adapted to a more Western style with brighter colours and patterns. Today, Chobi rugs are produced in a variety of sizes and designs, all while still maintaining the traditional Afghan aesthetic that makes them so distinctive.

These rugs have been favoured by interior designers for their versatility; they can easily be dressed up or down depending on the space. In a more formal setting, they can be used to add a classic touch of elegance to any room. Alternatively, in a more casual environment they can be used to make any room look inviting and cozy.

Chobi rugs are also incredibly durable and will last for generations with proper care. Unlike carpets made from synthetic materials, the fibres used by rug makers to make Chobi rugs are organic and have natural anti-fungal properties. This makes them resistant to mould, mildew, and other common rug issues.


Khotan rugs originate from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous region of China, where they were first produced in the 19th century. The designs and motifs used for these carpets are heavily inspired by traditional Islamic culture, featuring geometric patterns and intricate floral designs. Typical colours used in this type of rug include light blues, earthy reds and browns, and warm oranges.

The unique characteristics of Khotan rugs make them highly sought-after in the interior design world. They can easily transition from room to room, creating a timeless atmosphere wherever they are placed. Furthermore, these pieces provide an excellent backdrop for any décor scheme; their muted colours allow other furnishings to stand out while still lending a subtle, elegant touch to any interior space.


The Peshawar Rug is one of the most iconic and recognised rugs in the world. Originating from the city of Peshawar in modern-day Pakistan, this hand-knotted rug has been woven by expert rug makers since the 16th century using traditional methods for centuries.

It is known not only for its unique design, but also for its robustness; these rugs are created to last for generations. The classic design of the Peshawar Rug features a range of traditional geometric patterns, including the buta (paisley), kalga (fish) and jali (diamond).

The shades used in these rugs are also distinctive; usually featuring a palette of earthy tones. Strong reds, blues and greens are also common.

The Peshawar Rug is made of a combination of natural wool, cotton, and silk, which produces an incredibly soft yet durable feel. This is why these rugs are so popular; they can withstand years of regular foot traffic without showing signs of wear and tear.


Qom rugs are some of the most exquisite and sought-after Persian carpets. Originating in the city of Qom, Iran, they were traditionally handwoven by rug makers using wool from high-quality sheep – believed to grant protection against evil spirits.

Their intricate patterns often feature a variety of motifs, symbols and colours that reflect their cultural heritage and are steeped in symbolism. Flowers, leaves and birds are commonly seen in Qom designs, symbolizing life, and rebirth. They also feature geometric shapes, frequently representing the veneration of angels or a prayer for protection.

Qom rugs have been highly prized since they first came to prominence in the 17th century during the Safavid dynasty. Today, their popularity continues to grow, with many traditional and modern designs being created by weavers in Iran.

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