The Rugmakers of Caucasus is a book by John W. Ingles that was first published in 1963. It tells the story of the rugmakers of the Caucasus region, who are known for their high-quality rugs. The book looks at the history of the rugmaking industry in the Caucasus, as well as the lives of the people who work in it. We take a look at the Caucasian region and explore the history of these works of art.


Caucasia, also spelled Caucasus, is a region located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The region is home to a diverse array of peoples, including Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Georgians, Russians, Turks, and others. The region has a long history of rugmaking, and it is thought that the first rugs were made here in the 3rd or 4th century BCE.  The name “Caucasus” comes from the ancient Greek word for “snow-capped mountains,” which is an apt description for this rugged and often beautiful region.

The Caucasus Mountains are one of the most prominent features of the region, serving as a natural boundary between Europe and Asia. The highest peak in the Caucasus is Mount Elbrus in Russia, which stands at an impressive 18,510 feet (5,642 meters).

The Caucasus region has a long and complex history. It has been the site of various empires and kingdoms, including the Persian Empire, the Roman Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. In more recent times, the region was part of the Soviet Union until 1991. Today, the countries of the Caucasus are independent states, though they still face many challenges, such as ethnic conflict and economic development.

Despite its challenges, the Caucasus region is rich in culture and history. It is home to some of the world’s most stunning scenery, as well as a number of important historical and archaeological sites. The Caucasus is also a major centre for winter sports, particularly in Georgia and Russia. With its diverse peoples and cultures, fascinating history, and beautiful landscape, the Caucasus is a region that has much to offer the world.

Rugmaking was an important part of the economy in the Caucasus for many centuries, and it still is today. The region’s rugs are known for their high quality, and they are used all over the world.

speak with persian rug cleaners


The term “Caucasian rug” is used to describe a wide range of rugs and carpets that are made in the Caucasus region. This area includes countries such as Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Dagestan, and Chechnya. The Caucasian people are known for their beautiful hand-woven textiles, which have been produced for centuries.

The earliest evidence of weaving in the Caucasus region dates back to the Bronze Age, when fabrics were used for clothing and other purposes. By the early Iron Age, weaving had become an important part of the local economy, with many villages specializing in the production of textiles. The designs and patterns used in Caucasian rugs are often influenced by the local cultures and traditions.

Caucasian rugs were first introduced to the West in the 18th century, when they were brought back by travellers and diplomats. They quickly became popular among European royalty and the upper class. Today, Caucasian rugs are prized for their unique designs and beautiful craftsmanship. Many of these rugs are still made using traditional methods, ensuring that each one is a true work of art.


Caucasian rug design

When it comes to Caucasian rug design, there are a few key elements that make these pieces so distinctive and sought-after. From the intricate geometric patterns to the rich, vibrant colours, Caucasian rugs are truly works of art. Here’s a closer look at some of the most important features of Caucasian rug design:

Geometric Patterns: One of the most defining features of Caucasian rug design is the presence of intricate geometric patterns. These patterns can be created using a variety of different motifs, including diamonds, stars, crosses, and more. Often, these patterns are used to create a sense of balance and harmony within the overall design of the rug.

Rich, Vibrant Colours: Another defining characteristic of Caucasian rug design is the use of rich, vibrant colours. Often, these colours are used to create a sense of depth and dimension within the overall design of the rug. From bright reds and oranges to deep blues and purples, the colours used in Caucasian rug design can truly make a statement in any space.

Quality Materials: Finally, another important element of Caucasian rug design is the use of quality materials. Often, these rugs are made from high-quality wool or cotton, which ensures that they will last for many years to come. In addition, the use of natural dyes ensures that the colours used in the rug will remain vibrant and true over time.


There are two main types of knots used in Caucasian rugs: the Ghiordes knot and the Senneh knot.

The Ghiordes knot is also known as the Turkish or symmetrical knot. It is created by passing the yarn around two adjacent warp threads and then tying it in a Half Hitch Knot. This type of knot is most commonly used in rugs from Turkey, the Caucasus, and Persia.

The Senneh knot, also known as the Persian or asymmetrical knot, is created by passing the yarn around only one warp thread. This type of knot is most commonly used in rugs from India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Caucasian rugs are usually made with woollen yarns, but cotton or silk may also be used. The weaver uses a shed stick to raise and lower the warp threads, creating an opening through which the weft (horizontal) thread can be passed. The weft is then beaten into place with a comb-like tool called a beater.

Rugs can be made in a wide variety of sizes, from small mats or runners to large room-sized carpets. The design of a Caucasian rug is often dictated by the size and shape of the loom on which it is being woven.

The most common motifs found in Caucasian rugs are geometric shapes such as diamonds, squares, and octagons. Floral and animal motifs are also common, as are human figures.

Caucasian rugs are often dyed with natural dyes, such as those derived from plants or insects. madder root produces a red dye, while woad yields a blue hue. Indigo can be used to produce a range of blues, from light to dark.

Caucasian rugs are typically made with a hand-spun woollen yarn. The weaver spins the woollen thread onto a spindle and then winds it onto a shuttle. The shuttle is then passed back and forth through the warp threads, creating the weft.

The weaver can create a wide variety of patterns and designs in the rug by manipulating the colours of the woollen threads. For example, a striped design can be created by using two different colours of woollen yarn.

Caucasian rugs are typically finished with a fringe. The length of the fringe can vary, but it is usually between 4 and 8 inches. The fringe is usually made from the same woollen yarn as the body of the rug.

For more information about Caucasian rugs, CLICK HERE for a wiki link.

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