The Mahal rug is a type of Persian rug that is characterized by its large size and bold, geometric designs. It is often made of wool or cotton, and its colours are typically very vibrant. Mahal rugs originated in the Mahallat region in the city of Isfahan, central Iran, and they were originally made for the royal courts of the Safavid dynasty (1501-1722). Today, Mahal rugs are still made in Iran, as well as in other countries such as Pakistan and India. They are popular among collectors and interior designers because of their beautiful designs and rich history.

The Mahal region of Persia has been home to rug-making for centuries, and the Mahal rug is considered one of the finest examples of Persian craftsmanship. The Mahal rug is made of high-quality wool or silk, and is often adorned with intricate designs. The rug is available in a variety of colours, including red, blue, green, and brown. The Mahal rug is an iconic symbol of Persian culture, and has been exported to many countries around the world.


The Mahal rug is one of the most popular and iconic types of Persian rugs. These rugs are easily recognizable by their large, intricate patterns and rich, vibrant colours. Mahal rugs are usually made from high-quality wool, which makes them extremely durable and long-lasting.

While the design of a Mahal rug can vary somewhat depending on the specific region where it was produced, there are certain elements that are typically found in these rugs. One of the most distinctive features of a Mahal rug is its large size; these rugs are often several feet wide and several feet long. Mahal rugs are also characterized by their bold patterns; the designs on these rugs are often large and graphic, with a strong visual impact. In addition, Mahal rugs often feature bright and vibrant colours; these rugs are typically quite colourful, with a wide range of hues used in the design.

Though the specific design of a Mahal rug can vary somewhat depending on its country of origin, the overall look of these rugs is usually quite striking and distinctive. If you are looking for a rug that will make a bold statement in your home, a Mahal rug is an excellent option to consider.

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If you’re interested in purchasing a Mahal rug, there are a few things you should keep in mind.

  • Make sure to inspect the rug closely for any signs of damage or wear.
  • Pay attention to the colours of the rug; mahal rugs are typically very brightly coloured, so if the colours seem muted or faded, it’s likely that the rug is not genuine.
  • Be sure to ask the seller about the rug’s origin and history; a genuine mahal rug should be able to trace its origins back to Iran.


There are a few different types of knots that can be used in a Mahal rug. The most common is the Persian knot, which is also known as the Senneh knot. This type of knot is usually used for the foundation of the rug and for the border designs. Other types of knots that may be used in a Mahal rug include the Turkish or Ghiordes knot, the Jufti knot, and the Symmetrical or Mirrored knot. Each type of knot has its own unique characteristics that make it ideal for certain areas of the rug.


The Persian knot is considered to be one of the strongest types of knots, which makes it ideal for use in high-traffic areas or for rugs that will be subject to a lot of wear and tear. This knot is also very versatile, allowing for a wide range of design possibilities. The Turkish or Ghiordes knot is not as strong as the Persian knot, but it is more flexible, making it better suited for areas that need to be able to withstand a lot of movement. The Jufti knot is the weakest of the three main types of knots, but it is also the most compact, making it ideal for use in smaller spaces. The Symmetrical or Mirrored knot is the strongest of the three main types of knots, but it can be difficult to work with because it requires a mirror image in order to create the desired effect.


Mahal rugs are made from a variety of materials, including wool, cotton, and silk. The type of material used depends on the specific design of the rug and the desired look and feel. For example, wool is often used for its durability and strength, while cotton may be used for its softness and flexibility. Silk is typically used for its lustre and shine.

When selecting the materials for a Mahal rug, it is important to consider the intended use of the rug. For example, if the rug will be placed in an area of high traffic, wool or cotton may be a better choice than silk. If the rug will be used as a wall hanging or decoration, silk may be a better choice.


The size of the rug will depend on the specific design and where it was made. For example, rugs made in Iran tend to be larger than those made in Pakistan. Some of the largest Mahal rugs can be found in Turkey, where they are often made for export. The size of a Mahal rug can also vary depending on the type of wool used. Coarser wool is usually used for larger rugs, while finer wool is used for smaller ones.

Though the average size of a Mahal rug is between 5 and 6 feet in width and 9 to 10 feet in length, some Mahal rugs can be much larger. The largest Mahal rug on record is the so-called “Garden of Paradise” rug, which measures an impressive 22 feet wide by 36 feet long. This massive rug was commissioned by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor who also built the Taj Mahal, and it is said to have taken over 1,000 craftsmen more than two years to complete. Today, the “Garden of Paradise” rug is on display at the London Victoria and Albert Museum.

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